Bidar, situated in the north-eastern tip of Karnataka, shares borders with Telangana to the east and Maharashtra to the north and west. It is the administrative center of Bidar district and a rapidly growing commercial and agricultural region. The city of Bidar grew to prominence after the capital shifted from Gulbarga in c.1430 during the reign of Ahmed Shah Wali, the seventh ruler of the Bahmani dynasty that ruled most of the Deccan region from c. 1345 to 1518. It then became the capital of the Barid Shahis, one of the five sultanates that succeeded the Bahmanis.  The Bidar sultanate of the Barid Shahis was absorbed by the Adil Shahis in 1619. In 1656, Bidar was captured by Aurangazeb and in the following years the city’s status went into sharp decline, never to regain its past glory. Bidar became part of the dominions of the Nizams of Hyderabad from 1724 to 1948, when Hyderabad was annexed to India to become Hyderabad state. In 1956, it became part of Mysore state, later renamed Karnataka. Today only the remains of the grand monuments of the Bahmani and Barid Shahi dynasties testify to its past grandeur and exalted status.