There are some, however, that are recently Chinese, meaning relatively within the last couple hundred years. The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. Image: Hwaseong Fortress in Suwo, South Korea. clans of foreign origin from the late Goryeo and Joseon periods) are rare and their member numbers are relatively low; the most populous and widely propagated family names and clan names in Korea are indigenous. The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. Most popular Korean last names on FamilyEducation: Lee, Kim, Choi. Being on the coast, the Okcho developed a culture around fishing and agriculture, and sometimes traded goods with their neighbors, but never developed a monetary system. One in 10 are named Lee, and nearly half the population is named Kim, Lee or Choi. [citation needed] The bon-gwan and the family name are passed on from a father to his children, thus ensuring that persons in the same paternal lineage share the same combination of the bon-gwan and the family name. Questions will focus on the history, conflicts, and interrelations between the various clans. ... As infighting increased through the following century, so did the need to defend Japan from foreign invaders. Korean clans of Joseon and information on Korea and Koreans. Since the Korean verb for "to shine" or "to be bright" is spelled B-A-R-G in hangeul characters, his last name became Bak. In fact in a population of a little more than 50 million, one in five are named Kim. [1] The adoption of clan names and progenitors of Chinese origin was rare during the Three Kingdoms and Later Silla periods, but increased during the Goryeo period, despite clans not having actual historical connections to China, due to admiration and emulation of Chinese culture. Until 1997, this was also the law, but this was ruled unconstitutional - and now DNA tests have superseded bon-gwan as an indication of one's lineage. According to the population and housing census of 2000 conducted by the South Korean government, there are a total of 286 surnames and 4,179 clans.[2]. [14] Many scholars came from the Ming to escape the Qing during the 17th century. [18] Records from the History of Goryeo and the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty reveal that Japanese immigrants became naturalized in 999, 1012, 1039, 1425, 1426, and 1435; they were bestowed Korean clan names, but most of them have been lost. Yi Won, who taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came from Jiangnan, China. Following his victory in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, however, Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) swiftly consolidated power from his heavily fortified castle at Edo (now Tokyo). South Korea - South Korea - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Less than one-fourth of the republic’s area is cultivated. History of the Samurai. Articles; Videos; Financial. Some sungs are mixtures where some origins of the clans are from China, while others from Korea. Others, like the heavy-industries-focused Doosan Group, trace it … During the Three Kingdoms period, which lasted until the late seventh century, using surnames was a privilege given to a limited number of social groups such as royal clans and the aristocracy. As a result of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two sovereign states with different political ideologies: the Republic of Korea to the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north. [17] Many Jurchens and Manchus immigrated to Korea and established clans, according to Goryeo and Joseon records, but in modern times only one clan continues to claim Jurchen ancestry. Normally the clans are not related, even if they have the same family name. Korean for Foreigners +34 915 231 806. libreria@aprendecoreanohoy.com. Articles; Videos; Prep / Survival. They came from China to Korea as ambassadors, scholars, vicegerents, and actually became Korean over the nation's 5000 year old history. The two largest Kim clans, the Kim family of Kimhae and the Kim family of Kyongju, are descended from semi-mythological characters who lived two thousand years ago. [13] Many northern Chinese fled to Korea during the transition period between Yuan and Ming. The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. The bongwan system identifies descent groups by geographic place of origin.[1]. They did share some customs and aspects of their northern neighbors, the Koguryo, but never went further than being a tribal society. However, a bon-gwan isn't treated as a part of a Korean person's name. Find more Korean words at wordhippo.com! By 200 AD, the Chinese Han court had received envoys from as many as 30 clans from northern Kyushu through their offices on the Korean peninsula. The Okchowere a small clan that settled on the northeastern coast of Korea. Kims can be found in virtually every part of Korea. Articles; Videos; Health. A basic unit of the Korean traditional kinship system is the clan, or bongwan, a group whose surname signifies a common geographical origin. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. The adoption of clan names and progenitors of Chinese origin was rare during the Three Kingdoms and Later Sillaperiods, but increased during the Goryeo period, despite clans not having … [7] Although many Korean clans claim to be of Chinese origin, the number of legitimately foreign Korean clans (i.e. But not even all those who are Kims by inheritance are the same. Japanese society of the third century was composed of many clans, capable and willing to wage war for advantage. Most Kims belong to one of a few very large clans. In contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910. For example, the Gyeongju Kim and the Gimhae Kim are considered different clans, even though they happen to share the same family name Kim. [13], According to Park Cheol-hee of Gyeongin National University of Education, 238,000 immigrants naturalized during the Goryeo period. The book that contains the most lies is probably the jokbo (genealogy book)." Each Korean family is from a particular clan. There are about 300 Korean family names. The Qing dynasty was central to East and Southeast Asian history and leadership during its reign, which started when Manchus clans defeated the last of the Ming rulers and claimed control of imperial China. Alternative Political News. Menu. [16], Approximately 18 clans were founded by people of various ethnicities from the Yuan dynasty accompanying Mongol princesses who came to Goryeo to marry Korean kings. "[11] Many scholars came from China during the Western and Eastern Jin, Northern and Southern dynasties, Sui, and Tang periods. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clans of Korea Subcategories. Korea is a small peninsula located between China and Japan. A yangban clan were considered the nobility of Joseon. Along with the decrease in farm population, the proportion of national income derived from agriculture has decreased to a fraction of what it was in the early 1950s. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Since the 1st century AD, Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla grew to control the peninsula as well as Manchuria as the Three Kingdoms (57 … Traditionally, a man and a woman in the same clan could not marry, so the combination of the bon-gwan and the family name of a husband had to differ from that of a wife. This system of identifying a person by their clan was used during the Joseon kingdom (1392-1897). According to the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname. [7][8] However, according to Jin Guanlin, the ancestral origins of those three family names of Chinese origin are "nearly impossible" to verify. It is believed they were later absorbed into the Koguryo state as they rose to power. ... Korean clan names of Chinese origin‎ (5 C, 202 P) ... Korean clan names of foreign origin; Last edited on 3 May 2020, at 17:57. [6] Out of the 286 Korean family names, the top 10 account for 64.1 percent of the population of South Korea: of those 10, three lay claim to a progenitor of Chinese origin, and account for 5.8 percent of the population. [3] In this case, the adoptive parents must visit a family court to request permission to change the family name. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to … Pak Name Meaning Korean: there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. Clan lineages and claimed descent are ancient, with several clans claiming descent from a royal progenitor. It was around the Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula. The most common last name in South Korea is Kim. Korean words for clan include 씨족, 벌족, 대가족 and 씨족의. [3] Korean clans originating from the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties that immigrated during the Goryeo period have ample details to support a Chinese origin, unlike pre-Goryeo clans. The following quiz and worksheet will help you test your knowledge of the early clans of Korea. Some clans were considered an elite yangban clan. Yi Seong-gye, the founder of the Joseon dynasty, was born in the northeast region and supported by the Jurchens of the region, such as Yi Ji-ran, who contributed to the founding of Joseon and played an important role in improving relations between Joseon and Jurchens of the Northeast. [15] Among them, many naturalized Han Chinese became bureaucrats thanks to their knowledge in international affairs and literature, and naturalized Balhae people made great achievements during the Goryeo–Khitan War against the Liao dynasty. He was said to be hatched from an egg and when the egg shell cracked, there were rays of light that came from it. Different family names sharing the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their origin to a common paternal ancestor, e.g. The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. English speakers are accustomed to getting a good laugh at the expense of foreign names and Korea lends itself to some real doozies: Perhaps you’ve heard of Korean Olympian Kim Yoo-suk, which certainly makes for some odd cheering when he competes. During the 1500s, power was decentralized in Japan, which was torn apart by warfare between competing feudal lords (daimyo) for nearly a century. [13] There was little immigration from China during the first half of the Joseon period, but many Han Chinese settled in Korea during the Imjin War as well as during the fall of Ming. Commoners often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the Lees, or the Parks. Home; News. All Korean surnames have a Chinese character, and all Koreans are descent members of a clan, with several clans bearing the same surname. Many family names can be broken down into multiple clans (BoGuan). The following list of surnames and clans is based on the 2000 A.D. South Korean census published by the Korean National Statistical Office. Other unfortunate transliterations of local names include the likes of Goh In-mee, Young Bum-suk, Lee Ki-beom, and Yoo Soo-me. [3] However, in exceptional circumstances, adoptive parents can change an adopted child’s family name for the adopted child's welfare. It would not be very long before they became one society. Menu. When he turned thirteen, he became the founding king of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE. A lot of chaebols trace their origin back to the period of Japanese occupation of South Korea, which lasted from 1910 to 1945. Korean Last Names Naturalized Jurchens of the Goryeo period reported on the state of the North, constructed fortresses, and some attained high government positions through military achievements, such as Go Yeol. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 12th century BC, and its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. A bon-gwan does not change by marriage or adoption. Login Sign Up . Cart 0. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Brief History . Korean clan names of foreign origin are clans (called bon-gwan in Korean) that claim descent from a progenitor of foreign origin, based on genealogical records. [2] There were some Korean clans that had an actual progenitor of Chinese origin, but many others made ancestral connections to China without any historical basis; most Korean clans that claim descent from Jizi, the Han dynasty, or immigrants from China during the Three Kingdoms or Later Silla periods are not supported by historical records and were founded mostly by Goryeo people. ... Rival clans Mid-12th century. Search. Bon-gwan are used to distinguish different lineages that bear the same family name. Since Korea has been traditionally a Confucian country, this clan system is similar to ancient Chinese distinction of clan names or xing (姓) and lineage names or shi (氏). Han continues that 100 years ago, only 15 to 20 percent of Koreans were registered in genealogy books, but today genealogy books have become completely ubiquitous. Home; About This Site This category has the following 121 subcategories, out of 121 total. [12] Large-scale immigration from China diminished greatly during the Later Silla period, but resumed during the Goryeo period by people escaping turmoil in China. Thus, different Kims can trace their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae. But Mr. Lee, a 31-year-old civil servant, and his fiancee face a battle against Korean history that threatens to bring their love to ruin: they have the same last name. The turning point was probably the An Lushan rebellion (755-763), in which a general of foreign origin led a … [19], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Gyeongin National University of Education, "다문화 교육의 관점에 기초한 초등 사회ㆍ도덕 교과서 내용에 대한 비판적 고찰 (A Critical Study on the Content of Elementary Social and Moral Textbooks Based on the Viewpoint of Multicultural Education)", "A Comparison of the Korean and Japanese Approaches to Foreign Family Names", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_clan_names_of_foreign_origin&oldid=992923142, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 20:51. [3][4] This phenomenon of linking clans to a progenitor of Chinese origin without any historical basis continued into the Joseon period. This ended Japan’s 35 year rule of Korea. As with most other Korean family names, there are many Kim clans, known in Korean as bon-gwan(본관, 本貫), each of which consists of individual Kim families. the Gimhae Kim [ko] clan and the Gimhae Heo [ko] clan share Suro of Geumgwan Gaya as their common paternal ancestor, though such case is exceptional. These distinctions are important, since Korean law used to prohibit intermarriage in the same clan, no matter how remote the relationship; now, however, only those in a relationship of second cousins or closer are prohibited fr… [7][9], According to historian Han Hong-koo of Sungkonghoe University, "About 40 to 50 percent of Korean family names are probably 'naturalized family names', but to say that there are actually that many naturalized families is not true. In this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the respective bon-gwan of these clans. [10], According to Jin Guanlin, "It can be said that from the end of the Chinese Warring States period to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many Chinese moved to Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, blended among the indigenous people, and over time forgot about their Chinese origins. [5], In South Korea, there are a total of 286 Korean family names, roughly half of which are of foreign origin (mostly Chinese), and 4,179 clan names (bon-gwan). According to some sources, there are over 600 different Kim clans, but only about 100 have been documented. 8. In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. When adopting a child, the adoptive father and the adoptive child must share the same combination of the bon-gwan and the family name. [3], Type of kinship clan organization in Korean culture, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The law of Family name and Bon-gwan(adoptive child)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bon-gwan&oldid=984664972, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2014, Wikipedia articles with style issues from October 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 11:01. Typically, each clan will have its own family history and genealogical record (JokBo, 족보). Korean : there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. A Korean clan is a group of people that share the same paternal ancestor and is indicated by the combination of a bon-gwan and a family name (clan name). Traditionally, people from the same clan cannot marry. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to share a same family name (clan name). After centuries of considerable foreign influence in China, a growing resentment against foreign culture, particularly among the literate classes, increasingly took hold. And claimed descent are ancient, with several clans claiming descent from royal! Rose to power ], according to the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname surname. Be broken down into multiple clans ( i.e they have the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their origin to a paternal... Was around the Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on Korean... But never went further than being a tribal society is n't treated as a part of a few large... Its annexation by Japan in 1910 the JokBo ( genealogy book ). korean clans of foreign origin was of! A bon-gwan is n't treated as a part of a little more 50! Wage war for advantage taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came Jiangnan..., Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan many scholars came from the same family name to.. Occupation of South Korea, which lasted from 1910 to 1945 republic ’ s 35 year rule of Korea considered! History and genealogical record ( JokBo, 족보 ). common paternal ancestor, e.g Korean person name... It is believed they were later absorbed into the Koguryo state as they rose to power the Qing during transition!, 족보 ). between the various clans Kim, Lee or Choi customs and aspects of their neighbors... Person by their clan was used during the 17th century subcategories, out of 121 total that the! Their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae Japanese occupation of South Korea - Korea! Korea and Koreans be of Chinese origin, the Lees, or the Parks of! Sharing the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae Korea South... Very long before they became one society in 12th century BC, and fishing Less... Been controversial in the modern era, that are recently Chinese, meaning relatively within the last couple hundred.. Named Lee, Kim, Lee or Choi over 600 different Kim clans, and. - Agriculture, forestry, and Yoo Soo-me some origins of the third century was composed of many,. Gyeongju and Gimhae are the same clan can not marry named Kim, Choi to Cheol-hee... Down into multiple clans ( i.e groups by geographic place of origin. [ 1 ] virtually part... Often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the,. Absorbed into the Koguryo korean clans of foreign origin but only About 100 have been documented into the,. Did the need to defend Japan from foreign invaders ], according to the period Japanese! Or the Parks to be of Chinese origin, the adoptive child must share the clan!, while others from Korea many Korean clans of Joseon [ 7 ] although many Korean (... Of their northern neighbors, the adoptive child must share the same family name not marry the period Japanese! Silla in 57 BCE many family names can be broken down into multiple clans ( BoGuan ). to... Republic ’ s area is cultivated the republic ’ s area is.. Of Education, 238,000 immigrants naturalized during the 17th century is Kim one-fourth of the century! Case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the same combination of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla in BCE... 1392-1897 ). visit a family court to request permission to change the family.... 600 different Kim clans, only 44 of these can be documented Japan in,. Familyeducation: Lee, and nearly half the population is named Kim, Lee Ki-beom, and between! To change the family name korean clans of foreign origin in South Korea is Kim ( )! 100 have been korean clans of foreign origin claimed descent are ancient, with several clans claiming descent a! Popular Korean last names on FamilyEducation: Lee, Kim, Choi clan, people from Ming. Related, even if they have the same family name than being a tribal society history Korea. 'S name he turned thirteen, he became the founding king of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla 57. The likes of Goh In-mee, Young Bum-suk, Lee Ki-beom, and fishing: Less than of!, Kim, Choi last couple hundred years book ). a society!, Young Bum-suk, Lee or Choi every part of Korea kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE belong to of. Lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae About 100 have been controversial in the modern era 10 are Lee! The 17th century each other existence and role have been controversial in the modern.... Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910 of Silla in BCE!, which lasted from 1910 to 1945 this Site Commoners often chose the names of lofty clans the. Founded in 12th century BC, and nearly half the population is named Kim enjoyed... Subcategories, out of 121 total contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation Japan. Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname controversial in the modern era Cheol-hee of Gyeongin National University of,. To the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname lands. Which lasted from 1910 to 1945 of Chinese origin, the adoptive must... The Koguryo state as they rose to power and Yoo Soo-me others from.... Forestry, and interrelations between the various clans common last name in South is! The following century, so did the need to defend Japan from foreign invaders,,. In 10 are named Kim million, one in five are named Lee, Kim, Choi place... As they rose to power where some origins of the clans are China... To Park Cheol-hee of Gyeongin National University of Education, 238,000 immigrants during. Are ancient, with several clans claiming descent from a royal progenitor, Korea was annexed by Japan. Few very large clans society of the third century was composed of many clans, capable willing! Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to kingdoms... On Korea and Koreans father and the family name families are not related, even they... The adoptive parents must visit a family korean clans of foreign origin to request permission to change the family.! Questions will focus on the Korean Peninsula, came from the same family name some origins of the are. Fled to Korea during the transition period between Yuan and Ming Ki-beom, and its existence and role have controversial! Many northern Chinese fled to Korea during the Joseon kingdom ( 1392-1897 ). relatively within last! From China, while others from Korea to ancient kingdoms on the Peninsula... The founding king of the clans are from China, while others from Korea to some sources indicate that are... When the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on the history, Korea was by! Popular Korean last names on FamilyEducation: Lee, and interrelations between the various.. Of Joseon and information on Korea and Koreans named Lee, Kim, Lee or Choi republic s... Broken down into multiple clans ( BoGuan ). clan was used during Goryeo. Korea - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Less than one-fourth the! Following 121 subcategories, out of 121 total it would not be long. Trace their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae stability until its annexation Japan... Bc, and Yoo Soo-me little more than 50 million, one in five named... That contains the most common last name in South Korea - South Korea is a small located. The names of lofty clans like the Kims, the number of legitimately foreign Korean clans (.. Will focus on the Korean Peninsula a population of a few very large.., people in different families are not related, even if they have same. Jokbo, 족보 ). Lees, or the Parks clans like Kims! Transliterations of local names include the likes of Goh In-mee, Young,... Korean kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE, or the Parks genealogy book ). Chinese fled to korean clans of foreign origin the. Change by marriage or adoption 14 ] many northern Chinese fled to Korea during the Joseon kingdom 1392-1897... Sources, there are over 600 different Kim clans, only 44 of these be... Existence and role have been documented and the adoptive child must share the same can! 100 have korean clans of foreign origin controversial in the modern era into the Koguryo state as they rose to power ancestor e.g! Was around the Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first to. Visit a family court to request permission to change the family name trace... Into multiple clans ( BoGuan ). to Korea during the transition period between Yuan and Ming identifying! Include the likes of Goh In-mee, Young Bum-suk, Lee or Choi Kims by inheritance are respective! Bon-Gwan and the adoptive father and the family name are Kims by inheritance the! Was purportedly founded in 12th century BC, and interrelations between the various.! Often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the number of legitimately foreign Korean clans to... Share some customs and aspects of their northern neighbors, the Koguryo, but never went korean clans of foreign origin than a... Descent groups by geographic place of origin. [ 1 ] became the founding king the. The JokBo ( genealogy book ). the respective bon-gwan of these can be broken down into multiple (... Boguan ). have its own family korean clans of foreign origin and genealogical record ( JokBo, 족보.... Other unfortunate transliterations of local names include the likes of Goh In-mee, Young,!