Are routine tasks done behind (e.g., pushing items to bagging) or to the sides of the body? Find surveys, regulations and standards, risk assessment tools, frequent hazards at work and more about workplace safety and health. However, OSHA does not expect all of the solutions to be used in a single grocery store. Handles make the bags easier and less stressful to carry. sharp and in good repair. If pricing, use a glove with textured fingertips to wipe frost from frozen foods. These changes may also increase worker productivity and efficiency because they eliminate unnecessary movements and reduce heavy manual work. On September 30, 2020, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) released new Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding an employer’s obligation to report to OSHA cases of work-related COVID-19. Provide an adjustable-height bag stand. Avoid congestion in grocery store aisles so employees have adequate room to sort cases,open cases, mark merchandise, and stock shelves. Then, solutions for specific grocery store departments are presented, including: OSHA is not providing specific solutions for every department of every grocery store, but the general recommendations should be useful. Use carts with raised bottom shelves so the employee can maintain more neutral body position when lifting or placing cases. Provide toe space to changes in posture. Are there sharp or hard edges with which the worker may come into contact? EU OSHA information about occupational health and safety across EU countries. If a turntable is not used, place a flat piece of stainless steel over the end section of the roller bed preferably with a non-stick coating to allow cases to be turned easily. Report improperly stacked pallets to the supplier to reduce future problems. The section on ergonomic solutions for grocery stores describes changes to equipment, work practices, and procedures that can address ergonomic risk factors, help control costs, and reduce employee turnover. First, they initiated training for cashiers, store managers and management personnel. For example, performing cashier work for an extended period of time without a break has been associated with increased hand and wrist problems (7) and could contribute to back and lower limb problems (8). In bagging areas, the tops of plastic bags should be just below conveyor height. Click here to go to our Training and Calendar of Events page for no-cost training! Have an adequate number of mixing bowls available to reduce the need to transfer icing or batters that are mixed in the store to other containers. Order today your Custom OSHA Caution Sign with Hearing Protection Text - S-3192 - from MySafetySign.com. Powered tugs facilitate moving more carts with more efficiency and less effort. Cal/OSHA cited 18,896 hazards and created safer working conditions for at least 8.4 million employees. To report an emergency, file a complaint with OSHA or ask a safety and health question, call 1-800-321-6742 (OSHA). Establish a regular maintenance schedule for scanners; clean dirty plates and replace scratched ones. Keep manual food processing equipment (knives, slicers, etc.) If there are two wrap stations, there should be two sets of controls so that neither worker must pull or lug trays down the conveyor. Force -- the amount of physical effort required to perform a task (such as heavy lifting. OSHA’s guidance is intended to be time-limited to the current COVID-19 public health crisis, and employers should continue frequently checking OSHA’s webpage for updates. Keep heavy items, such as watermelons, in shipping containers and use pallet jacks to move them. Can the cashier work with items at about elbow height? Does the cashier have an anti-fatigue mat and/or footrest? Use carts or rolling stands to move heavy items like tubs of dough or bags of flour. Cold temperatures can reduce circulation, causing stress on the hands. Are objects scanned without twisting hand motions? Cal/OSHA has many educational materials and resources available. 200 Constitution Ave NW
Are routine job tasks performed without holding hands/wrists in a bent or twisted position? This prevents picking up cases with a bent back. This reduces the stress to workers' hands and arms from manually mixing colors into icing. P TOP Pandemic Flu: Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for an Influenza Pandemic Developed in coordination with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), this publication provides general guidance for all types of workplaces, describes the differences between seasonal, avian and pandemic influenza, and presents information on the nature of a potential pandemic, how the virus is likely to … Place keyboards on supports that adjust in height,horizontal distance and tilt to keep work within the preferred work zone. Under the OSH Act, the extent of an employer's obligation to address ergonomic hazards is governed by the general duty clause. Toe space allows cashiers to move closer to the checkstand, decreasing reaching requirements. 800-321-6742 (OSHA)
Use a powered in-feed conveyor to help cashiers bring the items to their best work zone, rather than leaning and reaching to get items further up the conveyor. Knowledge of the work tasks that may lead to pain or injury; Understanding of the proper tools and work practices for tasks that employees will be performing; The ability to recognize MSDs and their early indications; The advantages of addressing early indications of MSDs before serious injury has developed; and. Knife sharpening systems should be used regularly, and steels and mousetrap sharpeners should be used to keep knives sharp throughout the shift. Do employees use their hands as a hammer (e.g., closing containers)? Use a step stool to reach items on high shelves. Work from the long side of baking pans to reduce reaches when handling dough. In many grocery stores, ergonomics, other employee safety and health efforts, workers' compensation, and risk management are integrated into a single program that is usually administered by the same staff. Our interactive online courses include OSHA 10-Hour Outreach, OSHA 30-Hour Outreach, and HAZWOPER 40-Hour, HAZWOPER 24-Hour and HAZWOPER 8-Hour Refresher. Work with suppliers to obtain freight with pallet load heights that are within the reach of workers. This tool is less stressful to the body than heavy shovels. They are intended to provide a flexible framework that a grocery store manager can adapt to an individual store. Fewer injuries can also improve morale, reduce employee turnover, encourage employees to stay longer and discourage senior employees from retiring early. Using dull tools requires more force. As required by OSHA's recordkeeping rule (29 CFR 1904), employers should consider an MSD to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the MSD, or significantly aggravated a pre-existing MSD. OSHA recommends employers use engineering and administrative techniques, where feasible, as the preferred method of dealing with ergonomic issues in retail grocery stores. Are the scale, conveyor, and horizontal scanner plates all the same height? Place heavier or fast-moving items on shelves that are in the best work zone. www.OSHA.gov. Keep knives sharp. Use keyboard to enter code if item fails to scan after second attempt. Are dollies, pallet jacks, or other carts difficult to get started? Whether certain work activities put an employee at risk of injury depends on the duration (how long), frequency (how often), and magnitude (how intense) of the employee's exposure to the risk factors in the activity (6). The company has paid the penalties in full and abated the citations. 654(a)(1). Workers should be able to walk around the pallet or cart, rather than reaching or bending. Ensure that the floor areas are level and free of debris and spills. OSHA.com is the premier online safety training site for construction, general industry, and OSHA Outreach Training. Get close to where you want to set the item down. This reduces the stress on the body caused by bending or reaching overhead. Whenever possible, incorporate adjustable work surfaces into the department. Consider using keyboards to enter the quantity of identical products rather than scanning each individual item. A sit/stand stool will allow for changes in posture. OSHA recognizes that other bakery operations may be different and that other solutions may be more appropriate for those operations. The FAQs build upon previous OSHA guidance governing when and how to record and report confirmed positive cases of COVID-19 in the workplace. Dull or improperly working equipment requires more force to operate. Consider using cake decorating methods that require less use of manual frosting bags. Can the bagger put bags into cart without leaning over the checkstand or twisting the back? Is the scanner plate clean and unscratched? Position cake-decorating turntables so that the cake is at about elbow height for a more comfortable working position. They are not a new standard or regulation and do not create any new OSHA duties. Stand straight – avoid situations that require bending (forward or backward), leaning to the side or twisting. Are tool handles the right size (not too large or too small) for the worker? ISSN: 1831-9343 . OSHA recommends that employers develop a process for systematically addressing ergonomics issues in their facilities, and incorporate this process into an overall program to recognize and prevent occupational safety and health hazards. 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